American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

An Assessment of Prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Chanchaga Local Government from 2018 to 2022: Niger State, Nigeria

The Research was aimed at determining the prevalence of HIV/AIDS cases among the population of Chanchaga local government area of Niger State from 2018-2022 as well as determining factors contributing to the prevalence of cases of the disease in the years under review and review literature on the HIV/AIDS taking into cognizes Age, Gender and Year in which information on the disease was documented. Research Purpose: The purpose of this research were mainly to ascertain the HIV/AID cases recorded in the General Hospital Minna mainly from Chanchage Local government Area with the view to understand disease trend and the epidemiology of the infectious among population of Chanchage community, consequently this development were be a yardstick to proffer public health intervention in reducing the morbidity as well as mortality among the population and the existing HIV/AIDs patients were advised on adequate dietary intake, medication as well exercise to prolong their life. Methodology: The methods the researcher employed was cross-sectional designed and secondary data from hospital records of HIV/AIDS patients as well as literature review of HIV/AIDS cases from World Health Organization, Nigeria Agency for Control of AIDS United Nations Agency for the Control of AIDS. etc. Results: The study was based on Secondary data obtained through the records of HIV/AIDS cases in General Hospital Minna Chanchaga however the results reveal the prevalence of HIV/AIDS from 2018 to 2022 to be at 2,403 cases with more than 80% of the case seen in the age group range of 20-40 years. The present study shows that young women are much more susceptible to HIV/AIDS than young men as they have highest (70%) prevalence through the years. It also indicated a clear decrease of the prevalence from 2019 – 2022 with 2019 having the highest prevalence.

HIV/AIDS Prevalence, Chanchaga Local Government, Niger State, Nigeria

APA Style

Hassan Abdulkareem, J., Abdulkarim, H., Yunusa Aliyu, F. (2023). An Assessment of Prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Chanchaga Local Government from 2018 to 2022: Niger State, Nigeria. American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, 11(6), 108-113. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajcem.20231106.12

ACS Style

Hassan Abdulkareem, J.; Abdulkarim, H.; Yunusa Aliyu, F. An Assessment of Prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Chanchaga Local Government from 2018 to 2022: Niger State, Nigeria. Am. J. Clin. Exp. Med. 2023, 11(6), 108-113. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcem.20231106.12

AMA Style

Hassan Abdulkareem J, Abdulkarim H, Yunusa Aliyu F. An Assessment of Prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Chanchaga Local Government from 2018 to 2022: Niger State, Nigeria. Am J Clin Exp Med. 2023;11(6):108-113. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcem.20231106.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Nasidi A., Harry T. O. The epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. In: Adeyi O., Kanki P. J., Odutolu O., Idoko J. A., editors. AIDS in Nigeria: A Nation on the Threshold. Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies; Cambridge (Massachusetts): 2006. Available: < http://www.apin.harvard.edu/Chapter2.pdf [Google Scholar]
2. Federal Ministry of Health. Federal Ministry of Health; Abuja, Nigeria: 2010. HIV Integrated Biological and Behavioural Surveillance Survey 2010. Available: < http://www.popcouncil.org/pdfs/2011HIV_IBBSS2010.pdf (accessed 10 February 2013) [Google Scholar].
3. National Agency for Control of AIDS (NACA, 2022), HIV Prevalence among Women but Fewer Woman are Aware. Access on 14-September 2022: Available from https://www.dataphyte.com/latest-reports/gender/iwd-2022-hiv-is-prevalent-among-women-but-fewer-women-are-aware-of-preventive-measures/#:~:text=According%20to%20the%20data%20by,15%2D49%20have%20the%20virus
4. United Nations AIDS: (2023) Global HIV/AIDS Statistics FactSheet: Available From https://www.unaids.org/sites/default/files/media_asset/UNAIDS_FactSheet_en.pdf(Accessed on 19 October 2023)
5. World Health Organization Fact Sheet. 2014. Global Update on the Health Sector Response to HIV. Geneva. [Google Scholar].
6. Meyer-Weitz A, Reddy P, Van Den Borne HW, Kok G, Pietersen J. Determinants of Multi-Partner Behaviour of Male Patients with Sexually Transmitted Diseases in South Africa: Implications for Interventions. International Journal of Men's Health. 2003; 2(2): 149–62. [Google Scholar]
7. Morris CR, Araba-Owoyele L, Spector SA, Maldonado YA. Disease patterns and survival after acquired immunodeficiency syndrome diagnosis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children. The Pediatric infectious disease journal. 1996 Apr; 15(4): 321–8. [PubMed] [Google Scholar].
8. Pettifor AE, Rees HV, Kleinschmidt I, et al. Young people's sexual health in South Africa: HIV prevalence and sexual behaviors from a nationally representative household survey. AIDS (London, England) 2005 Sep 23; 19(14): 1525–34. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
9. Bashorun,. An et al, (2014), A description of HIV prevalence trends in Nigeria from 2001 to 2010: what is the progress, where is the problem?: Published by Pan African Medical Journal: Available: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwjJvcfjnJf6AhVOC-wKHdYCBhQQFnoECAYQAw&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov%2Fpmc%2Farticles%2FPMC4199354%2F&usg=AOvVaw3NFldhF30lrCUv-tp7-0Y5 (Access on September 15, 2022).
10. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2019) Burden of Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus (HIV) infection in the world: Available From https://www.unodc.org/nigeria/en/hiv-and-aids.html (Acessedon21October2023).
11. World Health Organization (July 2023) Official Update: HIV and AIDS: Available From https://www.googleadservices.com/pagead/aclk?sa=L&ai=DChcSEwi788C27Y6CAxWYOdQBHfvEDj4YABAAGgJvYQ&gclid=CjwKCAjw1t2pBhAFEiwA)
12. Awoyemi Abayomi Awofalaa, and Olusegun Emmanuel Ogundeleb (2016) HIV Epidemiology in Nigeria, Published By Library of Medicine Journal Available from HTTPS://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwjanKT8lJf6AhUPHOwKHeatAf0QFnoECAkQAQ&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov%2Fpmc%2Farticles%2FPMC5937013%2F&usg=AOvVaw0BvTGC4QoP2qL2eq6tK9aV (Access on September 15, 2022).
13. United Nations Agency for the Control of AIDS (2022), Global HIV & AIDS statistics — Fact sheet available from https://www.unaids.org/en/resources/fact-sheet (Acessedon21October, 2023).
14. United Nations Agency for the Control of AIDS (2019) HIV/AIDS Prevalence in Nigeria: Available From https://www.unaids.org/en/resources/presscentre/pressreleaseandstatementarchive/2019/march/20190314_nigeria (Aceessed on 21 October 2023).
15. Federal Ministry of Health. Federal Ministry of Health; Abuja, Nigeria: 2009. Assessment report of the National Response to young people sexual and reproductive Health in Nigeria; p. 2009. Available: < http://www.actionhealthinc.org/publications/docs/Assessment%20Report%20of%20National%20Response%20To%20Young%20People%27s%20Sexual%20and%20Reproductive%20Health%20in%20Nigeria.pdf> (accessed 15 September 2022) [Google Scholar]
16. Nigeria National Agency for the Control of AIDS. Nigeria National Agency for the Control of AIDS; Abuja, Nigeria: 2010. National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan 2010–2015. Available: < http://nigeria.unfpa.org/pdf/nsp.pdf> (accessed 15 September 2022) [Google Scholar]
17. Yaya Sanni (July 2018) Knowledge and attitude of HIV/AIDS among women in Nigeria: a cross-sectional study Published By European Journal of Public Health: Available Fromhttps://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article/29/1/111/5056174 [Accesson8December2023].
18. Ukaegbu Enyinnaya el. at, (March, 2022) Trends of HIV/AIDS knowledge and attitudes among Nigerian women between 2007 and 2017 using Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey data: BMC Public Health published by Available From https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-022-12865-y[Accesson8December2023].
19. Data phyte (2023) The most recent HIV prevalence survey among persons aged 15-49 years in Nigeria revealed that HIV is more prevalent in women than in men. Available from https://www.dataphyte.com/latest-reports/gender/iwd-202hiv-is-prevalent-among-women-but-fewer-women-are-awareopreventivemeasures/[Access on 8December 2023]
20. National Library of Medicine (2021) Viral suppression among HIV-positive patients on antiretroviral therapy in northwestern Nigeria: an eleven-year review of tertiary care centre records, January 2009-December 2019: Available from https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34600477/[.Access on 8 December 2023].
21. FA Magaji et.al,(2018), trends in prevalence of HIV Infection: a 4-Year Review of the General Population in Plateau State, Nigeria By Jos Journal of Medicine, Volume 12, No. 2 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/jjm/article/view/184137/173506
22. Abdool Karim Q. Chapter 16: Heterosexual transmission of HIV – the importance of a gendered perspective in HIV prevention. In: Abdool Karim SS, Abdool Karim Q, editors. HIV/AIDS in South Africa. Cambridge University Press; Cape Town: 2005. pp. 243–61. [Google Scholar]
23. Piot P, Greener R, Russell S. Squaring the circle: AIDS, poverty, and human development. PLoS Med 2007; 1571–5. Google Scholar.