Volume 8, Issue 4, July 2020, Page: 69-76
Reactions of the Autonomic Nervous System of Healthy Male Humans on the Natural and Simulated Conditions of the Geomagnetic Field
Ketevan Janashia, Central Scientific Research Laboratory, Aieti Medical school, David Tvildiani Medical University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Levan Tvildiani, Central Scientific Research Laboratory, Aieti Medical school, David Tvildiani Medical University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Tamar Tsibadze, Central Scientific Research Laboratory, Aieti Medical school, David Tvildiani Medical University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Nikoloz Invia, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Informatics and Control Systems, Georgian Technical University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Vasili Kukhianidze, Solar Physics Group, School of Natural Sciences and Medicine, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
George Ramishvili, Solar Physics Group, School of Natural Sciences and Medicine, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Received: Jun. 22, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 13, 2020;       Published: Aug. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcem.20200804.12      View  175      Downloads  149
Background: The geomagnetic environment is very sensitive to changes in “Space weather” (SW) and its manifestations on the Earth. The human body is adapted evolutionarily to the slight alterations of the geomagnetic field (GMF). Objective: The aim of this work is to test the hypothesis on whether different levels of GMF causing specific stress-reactions in humans' autonomic nervous system (ANS) depending on the levels of GMF. Subjects & method: This is a randomized control study, in which took part n=62, 18-24 years old healthy male volunteers. We measured their ANS responses via heart rate variability (HRV) and stress index (SI) to compare them with the K index of GMF (the magnitude of GMF during geomagnetic storms (GMS)). Experiments were performed as in natural as well as in the lab conditions by simulation of different geomagnetic activity (GMA) using the pilot device of GMS compensation/simulation. Results: In comparison with quiet magnetic days (K=1-3), the initial values of HRV significantly shifted towards intensification of the sympathetic part (SP) of the ANS during days of GMSs (K=5-7). Significantly shifts in both parts of ANS (sympathetic/parasympathetic) were observed during short-term exposure to simulated GMSs (K=7, the magnetic induction B=200nT) in comparison with conditions during compensated GMSs (K=0, B=0-5nT). Conclusion: The results indicate an intensification of the ANS as a stress reaction in healthy humans when it is exposed to high levels of GMF in both natural or simulated conditions, however, the initial regulation types of the ANS (balanced/parasympathetic) results in different dynamics in its variation as a function of the GMF level.
Heart Rate Variability, Autonomic Nervous System, Sensitive Reactions, Geomagnetic Storms, Geomagnetic Storms Compensation/Simulation Device
To cite this article
Ketevan Janashia, Levan Tvildiani, Tamar Tsibadze, Nikoloz Invia, Vasili Kukhianidze, George Ramishvili, Reactions of the Autonomic Nervous System of Healthy Male Humans on the Natural and Simulated Conditions of the Geomagnetic Field, American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 69-76. doi: 10.11648/j.ajcem.20200804.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Binhi V. Stochastic dynamics of magnetosomes a mechanism of biological orientation in the geomagnetic field. Bioelectromagnetics, 2006, 27 (1): 58–63.
Binhi V. Do naturally occurring magnetic nanoparticles in the human body mediate increased risk of childhood leukaemia with EMF exposure?. Intern. J. Radiation Biology, 2008, 84 (7): 569–579.
Cherry N. Schumann Resonances, a plausible biophysical mechanism for the human health effects of Solar/Geomagnetic Activity. Natural Hazards, 2002, 26, 279–331.
Carrubba S, Frilot II C, Chesson Jr AL, Marino AA. Evidence of a nonlinear human magnetic sense. Neuroscience, 2007, 144, 356–367.
Hart F. A Quantum Mechanical Model for Bioelectromagnetic Resonance Phenomena. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 2010, 9 (1): 1-7.
Brown F. Biological clocks Endogenous cycles synchronized by subtle geophysical rhythms bio systems. Biosystems, 1976, 8 (2): 67-81.
Ulmer W, Cornélissen G. Coupled Electromagnetic Circuits and Their Connection to Quantum Mechanical Resonance Interactions and Biorhythms. Open Journal of Biophysics, 2013, 3 (4): 253-274.
Zenchenko TA, Medvedeva AA, Khorseva NI, Breus TK. Synchronization of Human Heart Rate Indicators and Geomagnetic Field Variations in the Frequency Range of 0.5–3.0 mHz. Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physic, 2014, 50 (7): 736–744.
Malmivuo J, Plonsey R. Bioelectromagnetism: Principles and applications of bioelectric and biomagnetic fields. 1995, Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, England.
Khabarova O, Dimitrova S. On the nature of people’s reaction to space weather and meteorological weather changes. Sun and Geosphere, 2009, 4 (2): 60–71.
McCraty R, Atkinson M, Stolc V, et al. Synchronization of Human Autonomic Nervous System Rhythms with Geomagnetic Activity in Human Subjects. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2017, 13; 14 (7): 770.
Wood AW, Armstrong SM, Sait M, L. et al. Changes in human plasma melatonin profiles in response to 50 Hz magnetic field exposure. Pineal research, 2007, 25 (2): 116-127.
Halberg F, Cornelissen G, McCraty R, Al-Abdulgader A. Time structures (chronomes) of the blood circulation, populations’ health, human affairs and space weather. World Heart J, 2011, 3 (1): 1–42.
Palmer SJ, Rycroft MJ, Cermack M. Solar and geomagnetic activity, extremely low frequency magnetic and electric fields and human health at the Earth’s surface. Surv Geophys, 2006, 27 (5): 557–595.
Khorseva N. Using psychophysiological indices to estimate the effect of cosmophysical factors (review). Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys, 2013, 49 (8): 839–852.
Vencloviene V, Babarskiene R, Kaminskaite B, Vasiliauskas D. The Effect of Solar-Geomagnetic Activity During Hospital Admission on the Prognosis of Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients with Myocardial Infarction. British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, 2013, 3 (4): 1587-1597.
Otsuka K, Cornelissen G, Weydahl A, et al. Geomagnetic disturbance associated with decrease in heart rate variability in a subarctic area. Biomed. Pharmacother, 2001, 55 (S1): 51–56.
Gmitrov J, Ohkubo C. Geomagnetic field decreases cardiovascular variability. Electromagn. Magnetobiology, 1999, 18: 291–303.
Breus T, Baevsky R, Chernikova A. Effects of geomagnetic disturbances on humans’ functional state in space flight. J. Biomed. Sci. Eng, 2012, 5: 341–355.
Al-Abdulgader A, McCraty R, Atkinson M, et al. Long-Term Study of Heart Rate Variability Responses to Changes in the Solar and Geomagnetic Environment. Scientific Reports, 2018, 8: 2663.
Chernouss S, Vinogradov A, Vlassova E. Geophysical hazard for human health in the Circumpolar Auroral Belt: evidence of a relationship between heart rate variation and electromagnetic disturbances. Natural Hazards, 2001, 23 (2-3): 121-135.
Kay RW. Geomagnetic storms: association with incidence of depression as measured by hospital admission. Br. J. Psychiatry, 1994, 164: 403–409.
Shaffer F, McCraty R, Zerr C. A healthy heart is not a metronome: An integrative review of the heart’s anatomy and heart rate variability. Front. Psychol, 2014, 5: 1040.
Pagani M, Lombardi F, Guzzeti S, et al. Power spectral analysis of heart rate and arterial pressure variabilities as a marker of sympatho-vagal interaction in man and concious dog. Circulation Research, 1986, 59: 178-193.
Malliani A, Pagani M, Lombardi F, S. Cerutti S. Cardiovascular neural regulation explored in the frequency domain. Circulation, 1991, 84: 482-492.
Eckberg D. Sympathovagal Balance: A Critical Appraisal. Circulation, 1997, 96 (9): 3224-32.
Billman G. The LF/HF ratio does not accurately measure cardiac sympatho-vagal balance. Frontiers in Physiology, 2013, 4: 26.
Bernston G, Bigger JJ, Eckberg D, et al. Heart rate variability: origins, methods and interpretive caveats. Psychophysiology, 2007, 34 (1997): 623-648.
Menvielle M, Iyemori T, Marchaudon A, Nose M. Geomagnetic indices, K index limits, in "Geomagnetic Observations and Models", by M. Mandea and M. Korte (Eds), IAGA Special Sopron Book Series, 2011, 201.
Invia N, Kavlashvili N, Kubaneishvili E, The system of compensation and simulation of perturbed geomagnetic field variations, Works of Archil Eliashvili Institute of Control System of the Georgian Technical University, 2015, 19: 39-43.
Janashia K, Tvildiani L, Tsibadze T, Invia N. et al. Effects of magnetoactive compensation of geomagnetic field on heart rate variability of healthy males. J. Sun and Geosphere, 15 (1) in press.
Tvildiani L, Janashia K, Tsibadze A, Invia N, Kubaneishvili E. The technique of the simulation of geomagnetic storms. Georgian Patent 6823, 15 March, 2018.
European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology, Heart Rate Variability, 1996, European Heart Journal, 17: 354-381.
McCraty R, Shaffer F, Heart rate Variability: new perspectives on physiological Mechanisms, assessment of self-regulatory Capacity, and Health risk. Global advances in health and medicine, 2015, 4 (1): 46-61.
Baevsky R, Berseneva A. Methodical recommendations: Use KARDiVAR System for determination of the stress level and estimation of the body adaptability, Standards of measurements and physiological interpretation, 2008, http://www.ehrlich.tv/Kardivar_Methodical_Eng.pdf.
Bayevsky R, Ivanov G, Chireyikin L, et al. HRV Analysis under the usage of different electrocardiography systems. 2002, Commitee of Clinic Diagnostic apparatus and the Commitee of New Medical Techniques, Moskow.
Browse journals by subject